Małymi Kroczkami

Why Montessori?

The most important period of life is not the age of university studies, but the first one, the period from birth to the age of six. For that is the time when man's intelligence itself, his greatest implement, is being formed. But not only his intelligence; the full totality of his psychic powers

Maria Montessori
Login

Change language

Montessori education

Children learn and acquire practical skills through doing. Self-reliance and freedom of choice, while respecting rules of social coexistence, are important features of the Montessori Method. Help me do it myself – is the motto of our preschool.

The teacher’s task is to organise the child’s surroundings in such a way that they support his/her individual development. According to Montessori pedagogy, the teacher acts as a guide, carer and discreet observer. The teacher assists the child in working out answers, rather than offering ready solutions, discovering the world together with the child as part of an individual path to learning. The teacher accompanies the child, assisting in his/her development and adjusting to his/her needs. The teacher is responsible for creating an atmosphere of understanding, joy, peace, security, acceptance and respect.

Montessori teaching materials

Preschool classrooms are equipped with an original set of Montessori teaching materials. They are the most comprehensible and elaborate set of teaching resources available when compared to other teaching methods. One of the basic principles of the Method is to help children become self-reliant. Thus Montessori teaching materials enable the child to check on his/her own progress, providing the means to self-manage and complete tasks. As a result, the child experiences the feeling of completing a task on his/her own, building self- reliance and self-esteem, and becoming motivated to take on new and more difficult tasks.

Working with the Montessori materials gives children a sensorial experience. Each material used in the preschool helps them experience the world around them and provides inspiration for further exploration. Each material has its own immediate objective and prepares also for achieving future goals.

The materials are divided into the following themes:


PRACTICAL LIFE EXERCISES

This section of Montessori education deals with preparing children for living in the world that surrounds them and teaches practical skills. Exercises are adapted to the age of the child, as well as to his/her needs and abilities.

Practical life exercises assist in development of self-reliance and independence, and teach children, for example, to dress or undress themselves, to keep their surroundings tidy etc. These exercises help also to:

  • Improve gross and fine motor skills
  • Improve hand-eye coordination, along with precision and harmony of movement
  • Develop perseverance and the ability to concentrate
  • Build independence and self-confidence
  • Exercise muscle memory
  • Improve abilities of self-control
  • Build self-confidence and self-esteem.

SENSORIAL MATERIALS

The aim of Montessori sensorial materials and aids is to support children’s natural development. We get to know the world through our senses and discovering the world in a polysensorial way helps us remember much more information. Children get to understand abstract concepts whereas manipulating objects provides children with a basis for developing thinking processes.

Manipulating objects using Montessori aids and materials helps children to:

  • Improve hand motor skills, which are linked to the child’s intellectual development
  • Develop all their senses
  • Build their perceptiveness and ability to observe, increasing also their interest in the world that surrounds them
  • Develop speech skills
  • Prepare indirectly for learning to write and to learn maths.

MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

Montessori mathematics education makes use of concrete, object-based teaching materials, well-matched to the needs of preschool children. Children learn mathematical rules operating on concrete objects, in ways that are friendly and easy to understand. Teaching materials introduce children to the realm of large numbers and enable children to enjoy the process of learning. Montessori mathematics education teaches children to:

  • Count and use Montessori materials for mathematical calculations
  • Link the number to its graphic form
  • Add and subtract small and large numbers
  • Multiply and divide up to 100
  • Make calculations using decimal system numbers
  • Distinguish between even and odd numbers
  • Understand mathematical concepts (such as fractions)

LANGUAGE EDUCATION

Montessori language education makes use of materials based on concrete objects and senses. The overall goal of language education is to:

  • Facilitate development of speech and logical thinking
  • Help with development of communication skills
  • Expand the child’s active and passive vocabulary
  • Develop phonemic awareness
  • Introduce the child to the realm of letters
  • Prepare the child for the process of learning to read and write
  • Develop reading comprehension
  • Improve language skills with respect to inflexion, grammar and syntax
  • Prepare children to use modern languages

COSMIC EDUCATION

Cosmic education makes use of disciplines such as: botany, zoology, geography, history, geology, astronomy, physics, culture and art. The aim of the cosmic education is to expand the child’s knowledge of the world. Rich and numerous teaching materials enable children to learn about natural phenomena and inspire them with curiosity and passion to explore the world that surrounds them. Cultural education promotes also environment-friendly, peaceful and patriotic attitudes.

 

Mixed age groups

 

In a Montessori preschool, children interact within a mixed age group. As a result, older children develop their social skills and learn to be responsible, reliable, understanding and tolerant, empathic, caring, sensitive, as well as eager to help others and share their knowledge and skills. This helps them to build their self-esteem and gives them confidence to make decisions. Younger children learn from their older friends in a more natural and faster way than from adults. Numerous internationally-recognised psychologists and pedagogues emphasize advantages of mixed age groups in children education and point out that results of this method are significantly better than those achieved through any other form of working with children.